The Art of the Dueling Sabre, Christopher Holzman’s translation of Settimo del Frate’s 1872 Military Sabre manual Istruzione per la scherma di sciabola e di spada del professore Giuseppe Radaelli scritta d’ordine del Ministero della Guerra.

Other manuscripts in the Radaellian tradition are very useful for extending your understanding of this sabre style and can be found here:

Cold Steel: A Practical Treatise on the Sabre, written by Captain Alfred Hutton in 1889.

Lessons in Sabre, Singlestick, Sabre and Bayonet, and Sword Feats; or, How to use a cut and thrust Sword (1880) by John Musgrave Waite.

La Canne (Singlestick):

Theory of learning la canne in 25 lessons, published in 1843 by Louis AV Leboucher of Rouen.

The Bartitsu Compendium Vol. 1 (2005), edited by Tony Wolfe.

The Walking Stick Method of Self-Defence (c. 1923) by HG Lang.


Manual of Bayonet Exercise: Prepared for the Use of the Army of the United States (1862) by George B. McClellan, Commander-in-Chief of the US Army.

Angelo’s Bayonet Exercises 1857, by Henry Angelo, the superintendent for sword exercises in the Horse Guards.

A Complete System of Bayonet Exercises, written in 1853 by Richard F. Burton.

Other 19th Century Manuals:

Self Defense for Gentlemen and Ladies, written in the 1870s by Colonel Thomas Hoyer Monstery.

Melbourne HEMA Schools

Melbourne is well-served with schools teaching Historical European Martial Arts and Western Martial Arts, including:

Melbourne Swordplay Guild: VHCA’s parent school, teaching Fiore dei Liberi’s 14th century Italian longsword, dagger and grappling. Based in Footscray.

Glen Lachlann Estate College of Arms: Teaching a blend of traditional Western Martial Arts (mainly longsword) and modern sports science biomechanics. Based in East Melbourne.

Fechtshule Victoria: Based in Canterbury, FSV teach longsword in the German Lichtenauer tradition, mainly using 14th and 15th Century manuals.

School of Historical Fencing: With a focus on Italian sword fighting traditions, SHF teaches sword & buckler, rapier and longsword from the 15th – 17th Centuries. They can be found in Preston.

Fitzroy College of Arms: Based in Preston, FCA focuses mainly on the 16th-17th Century backsword fighting manual of Englishman George Silver.

AESIR: Teaching 18th Century English and Scottish broadsword and sabre, AESIR is based in Weribbee and runs classes on Sunday mornings.

Other Australian HEMA Schools

Victorian-era HEMA Schools

Gemeiner Academy of Savate – Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia

Lonin (Victorian-era Class) – Seattle, Washington, USA.

Schola Gladitoria (Victorian-era Classes) – Various locations in the UK.

Phoenix Society of Historical Swordsmanship (Sabre and Singlestick classes) – Phoenix, AZ, USA.

Useful HEMA information

Wiktenauer – an online encyclopaedia with an excellent collection of primary and secondary source literature that makes up the text of historical European martial arts research. Not very good for Victorian-era manuals.

The Schola Forum – a database of over 650 Historical European Martial Arts manuals from the 1300s to 1945, hosted by Schola Gladitoria.

Defense dans la rue – resources about late 19th Century / Early 20th Century French street fighting styles.

Bartitsu Society – an online resource / community of bartitsu scholars and practitioners. Bartitsu is a mixed martial art developed in the UK in the late 1800s.

Hema Misfits (I Don’t Do Long Sword) – a blog for non-Longsword HEMA practitioners. Lots of interesting articles about 19th Century European Martial Arts.

Gear and Suppliers

VHCA Gear Guide – VHCA’s go-to list of HEMA gear recommendations.

Leon Paul – Top of the range fencing company who now supply quality HEMA gear. Highly recommended but expensive.

Castille Armory – Our preferred steel sword smiths. Expensive but great quality.

SPES – One of the best HEMA protective gear suppliers.

Absolute Force – Martial Arts suppliers with an extensive range of HEMA protective gear.

WMA Shop – Australian-based supplier of synthetic swords and HEMA protective gear.

Darkwood Armory – Good quality steel swords and other HEMA products.

St Mark – We’re all waiting to see if these guys really have made the HEMA glove we’ve all been crying out for…

Regenyei Armoury – Another excellent sword smith.